Sativa vs. Indica
What's your type?
There are two phenotypes of cannabis plants, Indica and Sativa. Ruderalis is the name of cross-bred plants (hybrid) that have characteristics of both phenotypes, sometimes dominant by one or the other.
Sativa: Sativa plants are tall, loosely branched and have narrow, finger-like leaves. These are the general go-to for those that want a more wakeful, inspired high.
Indica: Indica plants are shorter and bushier than their long, lean counterpart. The effects of the plant are sedative and relaxing. Many find this to be a helpful sleep aid.
Terpenes are the molecules found in the resin secreted by the cannabis plant. They are responsible for the pungent smell associated with marijuana, and also the effects the plant produces.
Myrcene: The most abundant terpene found in cannabis, Myrcene has many medical uses including muscle relaxing properties, antiseptic and inflamation reduction.
Humulene: Earthy notes with woody undertones come from Humulene. This terpene is utilized for its appetite suppressant and pain relief abilities.
Pinene: Pinene has a sharp spicy pine aroma. Abundant in many sativa strains, this terpene is known for its anti-bacterial and anti-oxidant properties.
Linalool: This terpene is the main one found in lavender. Its aroma is that of flowers, with spicy citrus notes.
Limonene: Limonene has a citrusy flavor profile that is sweet and tangy. This terpene is known for its mood boosting capabilities
Caryophyllene: has a flavor and aroma of spices, wood and pepper. Medicinally this terpene is utilized for pain, insomnia, and muscle spasms.
Cannabinoids are the chemicals produced by the cannabis plant which give the plant its medical and recreational properties.
THC: THC stands for Tetrahydrocannabinol, this is the cannabinoid present in marijuana that produces psychoactive effects, or “high”.
CBD: Cannabidiol is another cannabinoid in marijuana. This is non-psychoactive and is generally looked to for more therapeutic uses. CBD can help patients with pain and anxiety and is a known anti-inflammability as well.
THC vs. THCA: Many packages in show a higher THCA number than THC. So, what is THCA vs THC? The easiest explanation we have found comes from High Times Magazine:
“THCA needs to be heated so it changes into THC, the active form that gets you high. The difference between THCA and THC is a carboxy group. Upon smoking, cooking, or vaping, heat gets rid of the carboxy so THCA gives off CO2 , losing about 12% of its weight in the process. Why does this matter for lab testing? Because THCA is heavier than THC, and lab results are given in percent mass.”